When it comes to CBD, not all products are alike. Different types of cannabis-derived products can have a big impact on the effectiveness and dosage required. To ensure you are buying the right CBD product for your needs, there are factors you should know about the two most popular types of CBD products: Full-spectrum CBD and CBD isolate.
What Is Full-Spectrum CBD?
Cannabis plants contain hundreds of different chemical compounds in addition to cannabidiol (CBD) such as terpenes, flavonoids, and other phytocannabinoids. The hemp plants used to produce CBD products are a special strain of cannabis sativa that is bred to have high CBD levels and low levels of THC.
Full-spectrum CBD oil is the final extract that contains a complete cannabinoid profile – including up to 0.2% THC, and a diverse range of terpenes, in addition to CBD.
How Full-Spectrum CBD Is Extracted
Full-spectrum CBD oil is only mildly refined, which leaves most of the phytochemicals intact and active. This is due to a whole-plant extraction technique that allows manufacturers to remove a wider variety of cannabinoids from the stalk and leaves of the plant, rather than just the buds and flowers.
The whole-plant extraction process uses a solvent to extract the compounds from the raw hemp plant material. The resulting thick resinous oil goes through a process called winterisation to remove the fatty and waxy components, followed by a short-path distillation to purify the extract.
Full-spectrum CBD oil is typically blended with a neutral carrier oil to make the active ingredients more palatable and bioavailable, as CBD is a fat-soluble compound.
Benefits and Uses for Full-Spectrum CBD
One of the main reasons why many users choose full-spectrum CBD is for the interaction between CBD and the other active compounds in the product.
Full-spectrum CBD contains terpenes, flavonoids, and trace amounts of THC that work synergistically together on the endocannabinoid system through a process known as the “Entourage Effect”. This phenomenon refers to the way that cannabinoids and terpenes enhance and augment each other’s effects on the body.
Full-spectrum CBD oil also offers a more versatile way to use CBD in your daily health regime, from sublingual tinctures to salves to blended smoothies and coffee.
What Is Isolate CBD?
Isolate is the purest form of CBD, usually found at high concentrations of 99%. Isolate CBD is often referred to as CBD crystals. It comes in a solid, crystalline form that is easily dissolvable in a variety of carriers, but can also be used as a stand-alone product taken sublingually.
How CBD Isolate Is Made
After full-spectrum CBD oil has been extracted from the whole plant, the oil undergoes further refinement to eliminate the other phytochemicals from the product.
There are various ways that CBD can be isolated, but one of the primary methods used is fractional distillation. Fractal distillation uses heat to remove terpenes and THC which have a lower boiling point than CBD; what is left is 99% pure CBD.
Benefits and Uses for CBD Isolate
CBD isolate is ideal for people who dislike the natural herbal flavour of full-spectrum CBD products. The purity and lack of flavour make CBD isolate the perfect ingredient for use in CBD edibles and skincare products. It allows you to enjoy the full benefits of CBD without the potential complications of THC.
As isolate CBD contains absolutely no THC, you may safely take products containing isolate if you are subject to frequent occupational drug testing.
Another benefit frequently cited by users is easier dosing. Many people use CBD isolate as they can get a more accurate dose of CBD due to the purity of the product. Studies suggest this purity level can have an impact on how users achieve the beneficial effects of CBD. However, other users suggest that higher doses of isolate are required to achieve the same effect as full-spectrum CBD.
Which Type of CBD Is the Most Effective?
While the type of product you choose is down to your personal preference, many studies suggest that full-spectrum CBD may have the edge over isolate when it comes to eliciting certain wellness benefits.
One study suggests that full-spectrum CBD can help to overcome an effect known as the “bell-shaped dose-response”, which limits the effect of pure CBD isolate at high and low doses. It is suggested that the other phytochemicals present in full-spectrum CBD products work together to create a more effective product.
How To Know Whether You Are Getting Full-Spectrum or Isolate
Reputable CBD vendors will always clearly label their products as containing either full-spectrum or CBD isolate. These vendors should also be able to supply third-party testing results.
This kind of testing uses an independent lab to verify the cannabinoid profile so you can see exactly how much CBD and THC are in your product, as well as the overall levels of phytochemicals.
The Wrap Up
Whether you choose full-spectrum CBD products or isolate crystals, determining the correct dose of CBD for your body is the best way to enjoy the calming benefits of CBD. Choose CBD products that offer precise measurements and easy dosing instructions, and only purchase your CBD products from reliable vendors such as Canzon that offer third-party lab testing.